Poetry is typically a work of emotions and expressions put into a writing technique that flows smoothly. Metaphors and similes are also used through various works. There is an emphasis on rhyme, meter, and repetition that sets apart poetry from prose. Poetry shares the imaginative awareness of experience expressed through the poets work.
Prose can be defined as basic speech or a form of writing without any form of metrical structure. What that means in generalized terms is that it is writing without any form of using rhyme or a specific order of set meters.
When poetry is written effectively the reader is able to fully imagine the emotion of the writer. Other types of rhyming poetry can be limericks. The other various techniques that poets will use are: assonance, alliteration, consonance, and euphony. Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds in words that are similar to each other. Alliteration is the use of the same consonant sounds. The sound in alliteration poems is more important than the letter. Consonance is the effect of similar speech sounds. Now with euphony, it is considered to be an agreeable sound reflected in phonetic quality.
Another part of poetry structure is whether it is couplet, line, strophe, or stanza. A couplet is a form of poetry type that Shakespeare used frequently at the end of his sonnets. In a couplet only two lines usually will rhyme and form a complete thought.
A stanza is a fixed number of lines of verses that develop a cohesive unit of a poem. Along those same lines is the strophe, which is basically a stanza containing irregular lines. There are a decent amount of formats that poetry can consist of. From acrostic, this is poetry that contains specific letters that form words that read in a sequence to ballads, which follow a pattern similar to folk tales and legends.